Environmental challenges faced by Pakistan

 Environmental challenges faced by Pakistan

Climate change is a global concern that has griddled the entire globe in the wake of rising sea levels, melting ice caps, shifts in weather patterns, and a decline in the population of several species. Although it has impacted several countries directly involved in the climate crisis but has also resulted in implications for the countries with the least contribution to climate change. One such country is Pakistan, which has experienced several environmental challenges in the form of floods, droughts, solid waste management, and heat waves. However, the onus of the challenges can not only be confined to climate change but also anthropogenic activities. Some of the imminent environmental challenges which the country faces include:

Water Pollution

Water pollution occurs when harmful substances such as chemicals, waste, and microorganisms contaminate the water bodies and renders the bodies unfit for human consumption and use. Water pollution is caused by several factors such as poor sewage systems, plastic dumping in oceans, and leakage of chemicals from factories. As Pakistan is an agricultural country, water pollution greatly impacts agricultural yield and productivity.

Air Pollution

Air pollution is referred to as the presence of toxic substances, liquid particles, and certain gases which are harmful to humans. It is majorly caused by the burning of fossil fuels, transportation, and electricity consumption. The black smoke coming out of the factories and vehicles.

Land Pollution

Land pollution is another prominent challenge Pakistan faces in terms of solid waste, which is increasing at an alarming rate. Urbanization, use of harmful substances, improper waste disposal systems, and excessive dumping within the lands are some of the causes of land pollution.

Way Forward

Mindful habits, proper knowledge, and change in practices can help Pakistan come out of the pollution crisis and lead to economic prosperity.