Pakistan, an important country within the South Asian region is regarded as one of the most vulnerable countries to the impacts of climate change. The recent floods in the northern areas of Pakistan affected 33 million people along with the destruction of almost 2.2 million houses according to UNICEF annual report. Previously, the earthquake of 2005 also caused huge destruction to infrastructure and human lives. To counter the debilitating impacts several initiatives have been taken by the government at both federal and local levels, however, Pakistan still remains one of the five countries which are least resilient to the impacts of natural disasters according to Voice of America’s report of 2022. Although initiatives are taken by the government bodies and immediate relief operations are supported but the country still lacks permanent measures to overcome the losses caused by natural disasters.
Improper allocation of resources
The appropriate use of resources along with improved measures can not only reduce the risk of natural disasters but also mitigate the challenges posed by them. The recent floods in Pakistan have not only impacted the local population but also negatively affected several industries thus shrinking the already nascent economy of Pakistan. Considering the crisis and the conditions of people living in the flood-hit areas, the major contribution of the national budget must be allocated towards rehabilitation and reconstruction of the infrastructure, however, most of it is spent on other issues.
Lack of awareness among the population
During the time of crisis, the primary affected and the ones involved in the rehabilitation process are the general population. However, they lack the knowledge of effective strategies to mitigate the losses caused by natural disasters which results in more catastrophic situations.
Measures to be taken to enhance resilience
Considering the likelihood of natural disasters within the country, a special budget must be allocated to the development of risk assessment and disaster management bodies so that maximum help can be provided to people in need.
The general population residing in vulnerable areas must be educated about the incidence of disasters along with the measures that need to be taken in order to ensure safety. Regular training sessions must be organized in such areas.