Climate change and increased extreme weather events have led to increased natural disasters in Pakistan. Storms, earthquakes, landslides, droughts, cyclones, and tsunamis all cause damage to people and a nation’s economy. Disaster effects differ significantly by nation and are primarily influenced by a community’s physical and socioeconomic resilience.
Extreme events have reportedly resulted in more significant financial losses in developed nations than in developing nations, but the opposite is true regarding the number of casualties among humans. In the recent years, the natural disasters increased in Pakistan and brought intensity for the country and residents of the country. Both the men and women who reside in underprivileged communities and those communities themselves suffer as a result.
In recent decades, Pakistan has been devastated by natural disasters like landslides, earthquakes, and flooding that have claimed lives, destroyed homes, and destroyed means of subsistence. In addition, road accidents, electrocution, snake and insect bites, and drowning are other frequent causes of child suffering and demise in the nation.
It is up to the capacity of the country to cope with the situation of the country, which can also help to save the lives of the people. However, an unprepared community cannot cope, which leads to a significant loss of life and the undoing of years of social and economic advancement, especially for young people.
With the passage of time, the country’s condition got worse because of changes in the climate and environmental degradation. Humanitarian disaster risks will only rise because of more extreme weather events and inadequate community preparation.
Disaster risk reduction (DRR) initiatives in Pakistan must be implemented with monitoring, forecasting, and early warning systems for natural hazards to give communities the information and skills they need to protect themselves.
“The Pakistani people are facing a monsoon on steroids,” UN Secretary-General António Guterres said in a sudden $160 million aid appeal for the nation. “Epochal levels of rain and flooding are having an unrelenting impact.” In addition, he issued a chilling caution, saying, “Today it’s Pakistan, tomorrow it could be your country.” Even though resources are being mobilized to offer immediate assistance, the question of how this occurred still stands.
In Pakistan, which experiences a yearly monsoon season, natural disasters like floods, earthquakes, and other calamities are frequent. Some claim that Pakistan needs to invest more in climate-resilient infrastructure, while others counter that Pakistan could not have been ready for such severe flooding.
With industrialized nations taking responsibility and implementing climate change mitigation measures, climate resilience will be possible. According to the Global North-Global South narrative, corruption is to blame for the Global South’s inability to combat climate change. It is true, but corruption is a significant roadblock to any growth.
Donor support shouldn’t just come from aid money; it should also involve collaboration on technical assistance to enhance systems for coping with future disasters, which will undoubtedly become more frequent and severe due to climate change. Pakistan must pledge to modify its systems and policies to achieve this.