Role of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in disaster prediction and response

 Role of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in disaster prediction and response

Natural disasters are one of the leading causes of death across the globe, however, their impacts can be reduced through several innovative technologies, one of which is Artificial Intelligence. According to scientists, as AI can predict business outcomes and challenges, it can also predict the occurrence of natural disasters. Thus, helping governments and communities overcome the challenges and risks posed by such disasters beforehand and mitigate the damage caused by them.

Prediction of disasters using Artificial Intelligence

Earthquakes

With the aid of seismic data, the AI system can be used to analyze the patterns and magnitude of earthquakes and aftershocks along with possible hotspots.

Floods

Considering the importance of AI systems, several researchers are working on the development of AI-based applications using the data from flood simulations and rainfall records for monitoring floods.

Volcanic Eruptions

Using geological information and seismic data, AI systems can help in predicting volcanic eruptions.

Hurricanes

The AI systems can help in monitoring and predicting the path of hurricanes using satellites and their data.

Management of disaster response using Artificial Intelligence

The primary step in any disaster response is damage assessment. It includes sending the assessors for evaluating the extent of the damage. Automated damage assessment can help in speeding up the process of automated evacuation response. Another way through which AI systems can help in reducing the potential risks of disasters is to perform a predictive analysis of where might an evacuation be required. Thus, it can be rightly said that the timely prediction of natural disasters through AI systems can prove to be helpful in taking precautionary measures beforehand and thus reducing its potential risks. Therefore, it can help in mitigation of the disaster risks if applied in Pakistan.