With the increasing number, scale, impact, and cost of natural disasters due to climate change it is imperative to reduce the incidence of such events. As stated by UNESCO, effective knowledge, innovation, and education play an essential role in disaster risk reduction and management. Several other organizations also highlight the importance of such facilities in reducing impacts stating that scientific and technological education accompanied by innovation is necessary to understand natural hazards, prepare for them, and respond, monitor, and predict their impacts.
Use of effective knowledge in improving resilience in Pakistan
Considering the incidence of natural calamities in Pakistan, the provision of knowledge has always been instrumental in monitoring such events. By understanding the likelihood and patterns of such events, scientists and engineers are able to be ready to develop warning systems such that the information reaches vulnerable people in a timely fashion and they are able to evacuate themselves to safe places. An example of this can be taken from the alert issued by the Pakistan Meteorological Department that a cyclone is being formed about 1500 kilometers in the South of Karachi and is likely to hit the city in the next 24 hours, therefore, timely evacuation must be done.
Innovative practices which must be followed to build resilient culture
Besides this, there are other prominent examples that not only focus on prevention and mitigation but also limit the impacts of such disasters and build resilience. Presently, Artificial Intelligence-based communications are being practiced before and after the hazards in order to reduce the impacts. Similarly, in Africa, satellite data is being used to predict the areas which have a high probability of floods. Similar can be applied in the case of Pakistan, especially in the areas most vulnerable to floods and natural calamities. But it is equally necessary to impart knowledge and training to the individuals involved in the process in order to maximize the benefits and strengthening resilience in people.